Adult Dog Health Tips

Be sure to get annual exams from your veterinarian.
Between the ages of 1 and 7, your veterinarian will probably only need to see your dog once a year. At the annual exam, he’ll likely administer a routine check-up, during which he’ll check vital signs, like pulse, weight, and respiration, administer vaccine boosters, and check on your dog’s dental health. Your doctor recommends blood chemistry tests, blood counts, urinalysis and fecal tests once a year to identify any problems that may exist but for which the dog may not yet be showing symptoms.

Make sure your dog gets plenty of exercise.
Dogs are built for running, and few things will help a dog stay healthy more than getting sufficient exercise. Whether it’s walking or jogging together or simply playing fetch, you’ll find that sufficient exercise will also improve his mental well-being, making him calmer, better behaved, and more content.

Maintain a good diet.
Serving your dog appropriate and nutritious food in the right quantities is an important way to maintain a good energy level and general good health. It’ll also help give him a healthy coat, which will reduce shedding. If your dog is gaining weight, consult your veterinarian about the right amount to reduce his intake. Being overweight is a prime risk factor for heart disease.

Brush his teeth.
Maintaining good dental health for your dog is important not only to prevent tooth decay and gum disease, but also for his general health, since some gum infections can spread to the sinus cavities, to the kidneys or even to the heart. Deep cleaning is the veterinarian's responsibility, but day-to-day tooth brushing is yours. At the pet store you can find toothpaste specially made for dogs – they like the flavor and it's okay to swallow – as well as a variety of toothbrushes. Making sure the dog eats hard kibble will also help keep his teeth and gums in good condition.

Keep the parasites at bay.
There are several topical solutions that prevent fleas and ticks from infesting your dog. Your veterinarian can recommend the best for your pet based on the environment and the season. And keep an eye out for ear mites and other mites that live in your dog's skin, or signs that worms are in his digestive tract. If you have any questions, or think your dog might be infested, consult your veterinarian immediately.


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